The Melbourne Cricket Club was founded on November 15, 1838 when five men – Frederick Powlett, Robert Russell, George B. Smyth and brothers Alfred and Charles Mundy – agreed to form a cricket club to be known as the Melbourne Cricket Club.
The MCC always has been the foremost promoter of sport in Australia. In 1859 the MCC drew up the first set of rules for Victorian (later Australian) football. It hosted the first tour by an English cricket team in 1862, the first Test match in 1877 and the first one-day international match in 1971.
An exhibition baseball match was played at the ground between two American teams in 1888, the club laid the country’s first asphalt tennis courts in 1879 and bowling greens were established at the MCG in 1894.
Along with the playing of cricket, today’s MCC is an umbrella organisation for hundreds of participants in 12 sports – baseball, bowls, croquet, football, golf, hockey, lacrosse, netball, real tennis, target shooting, squash and tennis.
The club’s principal public role, however, remains the progressive management and development of one of the country’s greatest assets – the Melbourne Cricket Ground.